Vi skulle vilja visa dig en beskrivning här men webbplatsen du tittar på tillåter inte detta 概要. in vivo での実験は各種の条件が人為的にコントロールされていない条件という意味でもあり、このため in vitro と区別される。 具体的には細胞内での反応などがこれにあたる。. 生化学や分子生物学などで反応が生体内で起きていることを、対義語である in vitro と対比するためにこの表現が.
The effect of lithium on core-clock gene expression, particularly of peripheral clocks, has not yet been investigated in vivo because, as already explained, detection of changes in period length. The present Mg-based scaffold was fabricated by Ti-particles-sintering-template technique. The macrograph in Fig. 1A showed that the scaffolds were open porous with evenly distributed macro-pores. The SEM indicated that the spherical pores were highly interconnected, and one main pore could connect with 8-11 adjacent pores using the smaller connecting holes In Vitro and in Vivo Effects of 17β-Trenbolone: A Feedlot Effluent Contaminant, Toxicological Sciences, Volume 70, Issue 2, December 2002, Pages 202-211, While the in vivo effects of TBA have been extensively examined in teratology studies, multigenerational studies, and the Hershberger assay,. In Vivo Effects of Bisphenol A in Laboratory Rodent Studies Catherine A. Richter , 1 Linda S. Birnbaum , 2 Francesca Farabollini , 3 Retha R. Newbold , 4 Beverly S. Rubin , 5 Chris E. Talsness , 6 John G. Vandenbergh , 7 Debby R. Walser-Kuntz , 8 and Frederick S. vom Saal Auch konnte in vivo ein hydratisierender Effekt gezeigt werden . scf-online.com Experimental in vitro a n d in vivo s t ud ies show that mixtures of different endocrine disruptors exert an endoc ri n e effect e v en i f a n effect c a nn ot be demonstrated for the individual components in the given concentration
1. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2000 Jul;54(7):527-9. In vivo antioxidant effect of green tea. Sung H(1), Nah J, Chun S, Park H, Yang SE, Min WK. Author information: (1)Department of Clinical Pathology, Asan Medical Center and University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 388-1 Pungnap-dong, Songpa-gu, Seoul 138-736, Korea. OBJECTIVE: The object of this study was to investigate the in vivo antioxidant effect. Data on the fraction of protein-bound drug are frequently used to guide chemical structure design and to prioritize compounds forin vivostudies. Here, the authors highlight how these practices are. In vitro-in vivo study on the effects of plant compounds on rumen fermentation, microbial abundances and methane emissions in goats - Volume 7 Issue 12 - G. Martínez-Fernández, L. Abecia, A. I. Martín-García, E. Ramos-Morales, G. Hervás, E. Molina-Alcaide, D. R. Yáñez-Rui The CNN effect is a phenomenon in political science and media studies which states that the use of shocking images of humanitarian crises around the world by the mainstream media compels policymakers to intervene in humanitarian situations they may not otherwise have an interest in.. The 24-hour international television news channel Cable News Network (CNN) had a major impact on the conduct of.
EFFEKT IN-VIVO. RESP-2187 bekräftar Respiratorius studier. på mänsklig lungvävnad. Respiratorius som är specialiserat på forskning kring folksjukdomarna KOL och astma har nu. uppnått positiva resultat med sin nya klass av bronkodilaterare (luftrörsvidgare) i en. preklinisk djurmodell ConspectusSelf-assembled nanomaterials show potential high efficiency as theranostic agents for high-performance imaging and therapy. However, superstructures and properties of preassembled nanomaterials are somewhat compromised under complicated physiological conditions. Given the advantages of the dynamic nature and adaptive behavior of self-assembly systems, we propose an in vivo self. . In vivo (Latin for within the living) refers to experimentation using a whole, living organism as opposed to a partial or dead organism. Animal studies and clinical trials are two forms of in vivo research.In vivo testing is often employed over in vitro because it is better suited for observing the overall effects of an experiment on a living subject
Evidence exists that humans are exposed to plastic microparticles via diet. Data on intestinal particle uptake and health-related effects resulting from microplastic exposure are scarce. Aim of the study was to analyze the uptake and effects of microplastic particles in human in vitro systems and in rodents in vivo. The gastrointestinal uptake of microplastics was studied in vitro using the. In the present study, we compared the in vivo effects of minocycline, immunotherapy and minocycline plus immunotherapy in P. insidiosum-infected rabbits. Our study, as well as that of Jesus et al. (2016) showed in vivo that minocycline treatment reduces the progression of subcutaneous lesions when compared to no treatment, which Jesus deemed to be due to fungistatic activity For those who were using vivo. This video is unavailable. Watch Queue Queu In vitro and in vivo inhibitory effects of a Pleurotus eryngii protein on colon cancer cells Biao Yuan , ab Ning Ma , c Liyan Zhao , a Ermin Zhao , c Zili Gao , b Weicang Wang , b Mingyue Song , b Guodong Zhang , b Qiuhui Hu * a and Hang Xiao *
Effects of Food Processing on In Vivo Antioxidant and Hepatoprotective Properties of Green Tea Extracts by Xiao-Yu Xu 1 , Jie Zheng 1 , Jin-Ming Meng 1 , Ren-You Gan 2,3,* , Qian-Qian Mao 1 , Ao Shang 1 , Bang-Yan Li 1 , Xin-Lin Wei 3 and Hua-Bin Li 1, In Vivo Effect of I'm-YunityTM Page 1 of 25 In vivo effect of I'm-YunityTM on hepatic cytochrome P450 3A4 Jean Paul A. Nicandro, PharmD Candy Tsourounis, PharmD Lynda Frassetto, MD B. Joseph. IN VIVO INTERPRETATION OF IN VITRO EFFECT STUDIES with a detailed analysis of the method of in vitro transcription in isolated cell nuclei Roger Strand*, Ragnar Fjelland** and Torgeir Flatmark
. In the living body, referring to a process or reaction occurring therein. Compare: in vitro . [L. in the living being The terms in vivo and in vitro refer to how certain studies, laboratory experiments, and medical procedures are performed. One example is in vitro fertilization The research progress of fucoidan in vitro and in vivo The anti-colon tumor effect of fucoidan. Colon cancer is one of the cancers in the world, which is very common [55, 56].Vishchuk et al. applied fucoidan extracted from brown algae Saccharina cichorioides to the human colon cancer DLD-1 and found that it can inhibit tumor cell proliferation by suppressing the activity of epidermal growth.
För begreppet In vivo inom psykologi, se In vivo (psykologi). In vivo syftar på biologiska processer i levande celler och vävnader när de befinner sig på sin naturliga plats i hela organismer, särskilt om processer som används i vetenskapliga försök och kliniska tester. Ett vanligt begrepp inom den gentekniska grenen genterapi. Se även. In vitr In vivo antioxidant and anti-aging effects of CSSPs on the Drosophila melanogaster aging model constructed by lard were investigated in this study. The results showed that CSSPs could prolong the mean lifespan, 50% survival days and the maximum lifespan of Drosophila,. Antibody specificity controls in vivo effector mechanisms of anti-CD20 reagents Mark S. Cragg, Mark S. Cragg From the Tenovus Research Laboratory, EHRB cells seem less sensitive to B1-induced apoptosis than Daudi cells in vitro, yet achieve a comparable therapeutic effect in vivo OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the vitro antioxidant activity of green and black tea, their in vivo effect on plasma antioxidant potential in man and the effect of milk addition. DESIGN: The antioxidant activity of the tea, with and without milk, was tested in vitro by measuring the length of the peroxyl radical induced lag-phase
We therefore evaluated the in vivo expression of HMGR in Ocs from animals treated with BP. The N-BPs, ALN, IBA and RIS, selectively suppressed HMGR expression in up to 85% of rat tibia osteoclasts, after 48 hr treatment. Etidronate and clod-ronate, bisphosphonates that do not inhibit FPP synthase, were without effect Tartrazine is a synthetic organic azo dye widely used in food and pharmaceutical products. The current study aimed to evaluate the possible adverse effect of this coloring food additive on renal and hepatic structures and functions. Also, the genotoxic potential of tartrazine on white blood cells was investigated using comet assay. Twenty adult male Wistar rats were grouped into two groups of. Foodstuffs of both plant and animal origin contain a wide range of bioactive compounds. Although human intervention studies are mandatory to assess the health effects of bioactives, the in vitro approach is often used to select the most promising molecules to be studied in vivo. To avoid misleading results, concentration and chemical form, exposure time, and potential cytotoxicity of the. In vivo immunomodulatory effects of plant flavonoids in lipopolysaccharide-challenged broilers - Volume 10 Issue 10 - A. A. Kamboh, S.-Q. Hang, M. A. Khan, W.-Y. Zh
Acute effect of extracts and their potential active isolates in alloxan-induced diabetic mice. The diabetic mice were divided into fourteen groups (7-animals/group). Group I received only saline, i.p. and served as control. Group II received glibenclamide (GB) as reference drug (5 mg/kg, i.p.) dissolved in DMSO In Vivo Model for Testing Effect of Hypoxia on Tumor Metastasis Sung-Hyeok Hong * 1 , Jason U. Tilan * 2,3 , Susana Galli 1 , Rachel Acree 3 , Katherine Connors 4 , Akanksha Mahajan 1 , Larissa Wietlisbach 3 , Taylor Polk 3 , Ewa Izycka-Swieszewska 5 , Yi-Chien Lee 6 , Luciane R. Cavalli 6 , Olga C. Rodriguez 6 , Chris Albanese 6,7 , Joanna B. Kitlinska In vivo effect of TQ on B. microti infection. In the present study, TQ was administered via two routes: oral and intraperitoneal. In mice that received oral TQ treatment, fluorescence values were significantly inhibited (ANOVA: F (1.442,14.42) = 8.84, P = 0.005) in the group treated with either TQ alone at a dose rate of 100 mg/kg or TQ in combination with DA from days 4 to 14 post-inoculation. Results Antitumor Effect of GGTI P61A6. The compound P61A6 was shown to inhibit proliferation of various human cancer cells in our previous study ().In this study, the in vivo antitumor effect of the compound was assessed using mouse xenografts of human cancer cells.To determine the maximum tolerated dose in mice, 6 female mice, 5 weeks old, were injected with various doses of P61A6 (dose. Abstract In the present study, three active compounds of Alpinia galanga oil (AGO); 1,8-cineole (37.43%), 4-allylphenyl acetate (25.97%), and methyl eugenol (5.07%) were investigated for anesthetic effect on Cyprinus carpio (koi carp) and their mechanism of action. The anesthetic effect was evaluated by determining the induction time that the fish needed to reach the surgical stage of.
In vitro exposure of cultured cardiac and non-cardiac cells to aldosterone (aldo) in high concentrations has been reported to upregulate the Na +-K + pump. We examined the effect of in vivo aldosterone on the Na +-K + pump. Rabbits received aldo for 7 days via osmotic minipumps to induce a modest increase in plasma aldosterone levels This effect of vitamin D has previously been demonstrated in vitro and in vivo in different species and conditions, including murine EAE (15, 16, 18). In addition to a decrease in expression of cyclins that control cell cycle progression, our functional genomics data suggest that the effect is mediated through down-regulation of pathways critical for TCR signaling Z1Pro innovative 3D shape design covers 5000mAh battery with only 8.85mm thickness. A large, industry-leading 5,000mAh battery keeps Z1Pro going longer, for a more enjoyable gaming and video experience. It also comes with vivo's exclusive 18W Dual Engine Fast Charging technology to re-juice quicker than ever The effect of melanin on in vivo optical coherence tomography of the skin in a multiethnic cohort. Chloe Ekelem MD, MPH. Department of Dermatology, University of California, Irvine, 92697 California. Search for more papers by this author. Junxiao Yu BS The effects of ethaboxam (LGC-30473), a novel thiazole carboxamide, on microtubule organization was investigated in Phytophthora infestans (Mont) de Bary (Oomycota) at the light microscope level using standard immunofluorescence and laser scanning confocal microscopy
Objective: This study investigated the immunologic effects of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) on four types of immune cells in a human sample to determine the immunologic mechanism. Design: Five (5) participants consumed 6mL of an Ashwagandha root extract twice daily for 96 hours. Ashwagandha was administered with anupana (whole milk). Peripheral blood samples were collected at 0, 24, and 96. In vivo effects of afobazole (2-mercaptobenzimidazole derivative) on the 7,12-dimethylbenz[α]anthracene-inducedoncogene and suppressor gene expression. István Szanyi, László Lujber, Imre Gerlinger, József Pytel, Miklós Bauer, András Csejtey, Eszter Szele, Katalin Gombos, István Kiss, Sergey Seredenin, Milada Yarkova, István Ember For in vivo hemodilution, a prospective observational study was performed on 46 patients who underwent elective cardiovascular surgery with or without cardiopulmonary bypass. HDR slope, antithrombin (AT) activity, complete blood count, and other coagulation parameters were compared after induction of anesthesia and after hemodilution with 500 ml of intravenous fluid
Respiratorius AB: Luftrörsvidgande effekt visad in vivo för nya substansen RES030-085 inom RESP9000 Respiratorius AB (publ) meddelar positiva resultat från en luftvägsstudie i en djurmodell med den patenterade kandidatsubstansen RES030-085 för behandling av KOL och svår astma. Identifieringen av substansen RES030-085 och dess patentansökan har tidigare meddelats under 2018. Härmed. Creatine, a key component of muscle energy metabolism, exhibits a chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) effect between its amine group and bulk water, which has been exploited to spatially and temporally..
Your morning cup of coffee may be shifting your circadian clock. Burke et al . show that caffeine—widely available, legal, and psychoactive—inserts a delay into the ~24-hour metabolic rhythm that keeps your body running in time with the world. In a sensitive, within-subject experimental design, five people were kept under highly controlled conditions for 49 days Extracts of Ginkgo biloba leaves are consumed as dietary supplements to counteract chronic, age-related neurological disorders. We have applied high-density oligonucleotide microarrays to define the transcriptional effects in the cortex and hippocampus of mice whose diets were supplemented with the herbal extract. Gene expression analysis focused on the mRNAs that showed a more than 3-fold. Mebendazole Elicits a Potent Antitumor Effect on Human Cancer Cell Lines Both in Vitro and in Vivo Tapas Mukhopadhyay , Ji-ichiro Sasaki , Rajagopal Ramesh and Jack A. Roth Clin Cancer Res September 1 2002 (8) (9) 2963-2969 In vivo effects of cardiotrophin-1 Hongkui Jin, Renhui Yang, Gilbert A. Keller, Anne Ryan, Annie Ko, David Finkle, Todd A. Swanson , Wei Li, Diane Pennica, William I. Wood, Nicholas F. Paoni Research output : Contribution to journal › Articl The present study reports the in vitro antioxidant, antibacterial, and cytotoxic potential of Syngonium podophyllum (SP) and Eichhornia crassipes (EC) leaf aqueous extracts as well as their in vivo effect on oxidative stress and hepatic biomarkers in isoniazid induced rats. Phytochemical screening of extracts revealed the presence of flavonoids, terpenoids, reducing sugars, alkaloids, and.
Protein-based vaccines have been explored as a safer alternative to traditional weakened or killed whole organism based vaccination strategies and have been investigated for their ability to activate the immune system against certain cancers. For optimal stimulation of T lymphocytes, protein-based vaccines should deliver protein antigens to antigen presenting cells in the context of. Als in vivo (lateinisch für ‚im Lebendigen') bezeichnet man in der Wissenschaft Prozesse, die im lebendigen Organismus ablaufen. Im Gegensatz dazu werden Abläufe, die in künstlicher Umgebung (z. B. im Reagenzglas) oder ganz allgemein außerhalb lebender Organismen stattfinden, mit dem Begriff in vitro belegt. Man sagt also beispielsweise, dass eine biochemische Reaktion entweder in vivo. . Takayuki Asahara, Christophe Bauters, Lu P. Zheng, Satoshi Takeshita, Stuart Bunting, Napoleone Ferrara, James F. Symes, and ; Jeffrey M. Isne
osti.gov journal article: in vivo effects of diagnostic x-irradiation on human chromosome The in vivo alkaline single cell gel electrophoresis assay, also called alkaline Comet Assay is a method measuring DNA strand breaks in eukaryotic cells.. Each treated group is composed of a minimum of 5 animals of one sex (or of each sex as appropriate). A positive and a vehicle control group are also used 26 M.E.J. ANESTH 27 (1), 2020 EffEcT of in vivo oxygEN THErApy oN MucociliAry clEArANcE MohaMMed dhafer alahMari1 Abstract Background: Nasal mucociliary clearance is an important defense mechanism of the respiratory system. This study aimed to investigate in vivo the short-term effects of non-humidified oxygen therapy on nasal mucociliary clearance time in healthy individuals In vivo, there may be even less of an effect on endothelial and other cell types that are not actively cycling. The antiproliferative activity of the compound was not affected by P-glycoprotein overexpression and resulted in nearly identical IC 50 values in genetically matched drug-sensitive and drug-resistant cells
In vivo antitumor effect of the aqueous extract of Punica granatum in the sarcoma 180 murine model Talita Santos Bastos Tiradentes University, 300 Murilo Dantas Ave, Farolândia, 49032-490 Aracaju, SE, Brazil DDAVP infusion did not promote the expression of activation antigens, but significantly enhanced ex vivo platelet aggregation stimulated by ADP and collagen. This priming effect was observed in patients with von Willebrand's disease, hemophilia A, May-Hegglin anomaly, gray platelet syndrome and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
. In 9 of 12 patients (75%), GM-CSF treatment increased peripheral blood blast counts (in vivo effect). GM-CSF also stimulated in vitro AML blast colony proliferation in these nine patients and increased the S + G 2 M phases of the cell cycle in five out of five of these patients' samples Early bone ongrowth is known to increase primary implant fixation and reduce the risk of early implant failure. Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) peptide has been identified as playing a key role in osteoblast adhesion and proliferation on various surfaces. The aim for this study is to evaluate the effect of RGD pe Direct Effects of Smooth Muscle Relaxation and Contraction on In Vivo Human Brachial Artery Elastic Properties. Alan J. Bank, Robert F. Wilson, Spencer H. Kubo, James E. Holte, Thomas J. Dresing, and ; Hongyu Wang; From the Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, and the Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Minnesota.
Aim: Statins, the mainstay in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia, are generally believed to exert positive effects on CVD beyond their lipid lowering properties. Many studies have indicated that the anti-inflamma-tory effects of statins are i In vivo in an experimental mouse model overexpressing bone-specific Ephb4 (TgEphB4), a protective effect was found on both the subchondral bone and cartilage during OA. We investigated in the TgEphB4 mouse model the in vivo effect on synovial membrane during OA. Knee OA was surgically induced by destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM) The FDA Amendments Act will cause a fundamental shift toward a greater emphasis on drug safety within FDA, Covington & Burling Partner Richard Kingham suggests. Inevitably, many provisions of the law, even the transfer of more of the PDUFA registration fee money to the drug safety side of the agency, are going to change the equilibrium in terms of where the emphasis is in the review process. Colony-stimulating factor - in vitro and in vivo effect. Y. Niho, S. Okamura, M. Harada, T. Shibuya, N. Kimura, T. Tanaka, K. Akashi. Medical Departments; which strongly suggested to us that CSF was not only a factor in vitro phenomenon but also a factor working actually in vivo The function of the pancreatic β-cell is the storage and release of insulin, the main hormone involved in blood glucose homeostasis. The results in this article show that the widespread environmental contaminant bisphenol-A (BPA) imitates 17β-estradiol (E 2) effects in vivo on blood glucose homeostasis through genomic and nongenomic pathways. The exposure of adult mice to a single low dose.
Chao‐Qun Liu, A‐Fang Zhu, Yu‐Guang Huang, Differential effects of anaesthesia on the contractility of lymphatic vessels in vivo, The Journal of Physiology, 10.1113/JP279647, 598, 10, (2035-2035), (2020) The potential pharmacological effects of bee venom and melittin on these in vivo and in vitro AD‐like skin disease models were studied. Key Results. Bee venom and melittin exhibited potent anti‐atopic activities, shown by decreased AD‐like skin lesions, induced by DNCB in mice title = Effect of piceatannol on circadian Per2 expression in vitro and in vivo, abstract = In addition to the development of chrononutrition, food ingredients have been demonstrated to contribute to expression changes in the peripheral clock genes responsible for circadian rhythms
There is compelling evidence that long-term intake of excessive fructose can have deleterious side effects in different experimental models. However, the role of fructose in vivo remains controversial, since acute temporary application of fructose i In vivo Pharmacology for Inflammation and Immunology. Evotec's experienced immunology & inflammation in vivo team has an established and proven track record. The team has contributed to the discovery and development of multiple pre-clinical and clinical candidates and is currently working on >12 immunology and inflammation programmes in the areas of inflammation, autoimmune disorders.
The in vivo effect of Rhodiola kirilowii extracts on blood granulocytes metabolic activity in mice 61-707 Poznañ. The plant growth was controlled: The reaction and mineral components of the soil, the air tem-perature, the average sum of humidity and rain as well as the sun periods were monitored permanently. Preparation of extract High quality example sentences with vivo effects of the in context from reliable sources - Ludwig is the linguistic search engine that helps you to write better in Englis In vivo effects of the pure aryl hydrocarbon receptor antagonist GNF-351 after oral administration are limited to the gastrointestinal tract. Zhong Ze Fang, Kristopher W. Krausz, Kenjiro Nagaoka, Naoki Tanaka, Krishne Gowda, Shantu G. Amin, Gary H. Perdew, Frank J. Gonzalez OSTI.GOV Journal Article: Deuterium isotope effects in the in vivo metabolism of cotinin
Here, we have investigated the mechanism(s) underlying the inhibition of T‐cell proliferation in vitro by PO‐322, as well as its effects on the delayed‐type hypersensitivity (DTH) response and imiquimod‐induced dermatitis in vivo. Experimental Approach. T‐cell proliferation and apoptosis were analysed with flow cytometry T1 - Effects of in vivo T lymphocyte subset depletion on mycobacterial infections in mice. AU - Flory, C. M. AU - Hubbard, R. D. AU - Collins, F. M. PY - 1992/1/1. Y1 - 1992/1/1. N2 - The relative importance of CD4+ and CD8+ T cell subsets in the expression of acquired resistance to systemic infection by Mycobacterium kansasii was determined How is this effect achieved in vivo? We need you to answer this question! If you know the answer to this question, please register to join our limited beta program and start the conversation right. In Vivo Imaging with FLIM Shows Effect of Experience on Neuronal Activity JUPITER, Fla., Dec. 30, 2019 — Every day, the neuronal connections within our brains change depending on what we learn and experience in our daily lives Effects of low level laser irradiation with 904 nm pulsed diode laser on Staphylococcus aureus. Laser Therapy. 1997; 9(3):121-30. [ Links ] 27. Moore P, Ridgway TD, Higbee RG, Howard EW, Lucroy MD. Effect of wavelength on low-intensity laser irradiation-stimulated cell proliferation in vitro
In vivo effects of two novel alkylating benzodiazepines, irazepine and kenazepine. Evan F. Williams, Kenner C. Rice, Mariena Mattson, Steven M. Paul, Phil Skolnick. (20-60 nmol) resulted in no detectable anticonvulsant effects at fifteen minutes post-injection, the earliest interval examined Hydrogen photo-production in green algae, catalyzed by the enzyme [FeFe]-hydrogenase (HydA), is considered a promising source of renewable clean energy. Yet, a significant increase in hydrogen production efficiency is necessary for industrial scale-up. We have previously shown that a major challenge to be resolved is the inferior competitiveness of HydA with NADPH production, catalyzed by. Radiation therapy is one of the most important approaches to cancer therapy, but radiotoxicity to normal tissue is a serious limitation of this treatment. Compounds which are able to either sensiti..
Abstract Purpose To examine the effects of intensity and duration of exercise stress on induction of in vivo immunity in humans using experimental contact hypersensitivity (CHS) with the novel antigen diphenylcyclopropenone (DPCP). Methods Sixty-four healthy males completed either 30 min running at 60% V˙O 2peak (30MI), 30 min running at 80% V˙O 2peak (30HI), 120 min running at 60% V˙O. In vivo anesthetic effect and mechanism of action of active compounds from Alpinia galanga oil on Cyprinus carpio (koi carp) Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › Research › peer-revie In vivo effect of Doxycycline Thirty days course of doxycycline (200mg/day) was given to 10 male and 04 female human subjects with mf count 8-17 in male and 2-40 in female and was monitored upto 6 months after treatment In vivo multiphoton FLIM showing effect of herbicide at a cellular level To explore the indirect read out of the presence of the Flagon EC 400 herbicide, we used two photon excitation at 900 nm to acquire high resolution FLIM images of chlorophyll fluorescence in Triticum aestivum leaves
This later emergence of an effect on light-limited photosynthesis is consistent with earlier studies of the kinetics of ozone damage to the photosynthetic apparatus in vivo, which demonstrated that a decline in Rubisco activity precedes any effect on the photosynthetic membrane (for review, see Pell et al., 1994) 2.6 In vivo immunomodulatory effect. Approximately twenty-four BALB/cMlac mice (6 weeks old) were randomly divided into the following 4 groups, Group: 1 - Control (n = 6); Group: 2, 3, 4 - Experimental group (supplemented with 100 or 150 or 200 mg of air-dried BG/kg of body weight, respectively) (n = 6/each group)